Video laryngoscopy improves the first-attempt success in endotracheal intubation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation among novice physicians

Resuscitation. 2015 Apr:89:188-94. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.12.010. Epub 2014 Dec 22.


Aim: To compare the first-attempt success in endotracheal intubation (ETI) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) using direct laryngoscopy (DL) and video laryngoscopy (VL) (GlideScope(®)) among novice emergency physicians (EPs).

Methods: This study is a historically controlled clinical design. From May 2011 to April 2013 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients were intubated during CPR by novice EPs. CPR data was automatically recorded by pre-installed video and subsequently analysed. The primary outcome was the success rate of the first-attempt at ETI. In addition, time to successful ETI from first-attempt (T-complete), duration of chest compression interruptions, and incidence of oesophageal intubation were compared.

Results: Of 305 patients undergoing ETI, 83 were intubated by novice EPs. The success rate of first-attempt ETI in the VL group (n=49) was higher than that in the DL group (n=34, 91.8% vs. 55.9%; p<0.001). The median T-complete was significantly shorter with VL than with DL (37 [29-55] vs. 62 [56-110] s; p<0.001). Oesophageal intubation was observed only in the DL group (n=6, 17.6%). The median duration of chest compression interruptions was greater with DL (7 [3-6] s) than with VL (0 [0-0] s). Improvements in ETI during CPR were observed in the VL group after the first 3 months, but not the DL group during regular use for 1 year.

Conclusions: For novice EPs, the VL could significantly improve the first-attempt success in ETI during CPR while the DL couldn't improve it.

Keywords: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; Endotracheal intubation; High frequency chest compression; Interruption; Video laryngoscopy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation*
  • Clinical Competence*
  • Female
  • Heart Arrest / therapy*
  • Historically Controlled Study
  • Humans
  • Intubation, Intratracheal*
  • Laryngoscopy*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Video-Assisted Surgery*