Using preoperative SNOT-22 score to inform patient decision for Endoscopic sinus surgery

Laryngoscope. 2015 Jul;125(7):1517-22. doi: 10.1002/lary.25108. Epub 2014 Dec 29.

Abstract

Objectives/hypothesis: The purpose of this study is to improve patient understanding of surgical outcomes while they make a preference-sensitive decision regarding electing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).

Study design: Prospective observational cohort study.

Methods: Patients with CRS who elected ESS were prospectively enrolled into a multi-institutional, observational cohort study. Patients' were categorized into 10 preoperative Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) groups based on 10-point increments beginning with a score of 10 and ending at 110. The proportion of patients achieving a SNOT-22 minimal clinically important difference (MCID) (9 points) and the percentage of relative improvement (%) for each preoperative SNOT-22 group were calculated. A subgroup analysis based on polyp status was performed.

Results: A total of 327 patients were included in this study. Patients with a SNOT-22 score between 10 and 19 had the lowest chance of achieving an MCID (37.5%) and received a relative mean worsening of their quality of life (QoL) after ESS (+18.8%). Patients with a SNOT-22 score greater than 30 obtained a greater than 75% chance of achieving an MCID, and there was a relative improvement of 45% in QoL (all < -44.9%) after ESS. Outcomes from the polyp status subgroup analysis were similar to the findings from the overall cohort.

Conclusion: Outcomes from this study suggest that patients with a preoperative SNOT-22 score higher than 30 points receive a greater than 75% chance of achieving an MCID and on average obtain a 45% relative improvement in their QoL after ESS. Patients with SNOT-22 score of less than 20 did not experience improved QoL from ESS.

Keywords: Endoscopic sinus surgery; SNOT-22; chronic rhinosinusitis; quality of life; shared decision making; sinusitis.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cohort Studies
  • Decision Making*
  • Endoscopy / methods*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Paranasal Sinuses / surgery*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Rhinitis / surgery*
  • Sinusitis / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome