Mosaicism and uniparental disomy in prenatal diagnosis

Trends Mol Med. 2015 Feb;21(2):77-87. doi: 10.1016/j.molmed.2014.11.010. Epub 2014 Dec 2.


Chromosomal mosaicism is the presence of numerous cell lines with different chromosomal complements in the same individual. Uniparental disomy (UPD) is the inheritance of two homologous chromosomes from the same parent. These genetic anomalies arise from errors in meiosis and/or mitosis and can occur independently or in combination. Due to the formation mechanisms of UPD, low-level or undetected mosaicisms are assumed for a significant number of UPD cases. The pre- and postnatal clinical consequences of mosaicism for chromosomal aberrations and/or UPD depend on the gene content of the involved chromosome. In prenatal evaluation of chromosomal mosaicism and UPD, genetic counseling should be offered before any laboratory testing.

Keywords: aneuploidy; genetic counseling; genetic testing; mosaicism; prenatal diagnosis; uniparental disomy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mosaicism*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis*
  • Pregnancy Complications / genetics
  • Prenatal Diagnosis
  • Uniparental Disomy / diagnosis*
  • Uniparental Disomy / genetics