Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure and quantification of social behavior in adult rats

J Vis Exp. 2014 Dec 14;(94):52407. doi: 10.3791/52407.

Abstract

Alterations in social behavior are among the major negative consequences observed in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs). Several independent laboratories have demonstrated robust alterations in the social behavior of rodents exposed to alcohol during brain development across a wide range of exposure durations, timing, doses, and ages at the time of behavioral quantification. Prior work from this laboratory has identified reliable alterations in specific forms of social interaction following moderate prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) in the rat that persist well into adulthood, including increased wrestling and decreased investigation. These behavioral alterations have been useful in identifying neural circuits altered by moderate PAE(1), and may hold importance for progressing toward a more complete understanding of the neural bases of PAE-related alterations in social behavior. This paper describes procedures for performing moderate PAE in which rat dams voluntarily consume ethanol or saccharin (control) throughout gestation, and measurement of social behaviors in adult offspring.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal / drug effects*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Ethanol / administration & dosage
  • Ethanol / toxicity*
  • Female
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / psychology
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / veterinary*
  • Rats
  • Rodent Diseases / etiology*
  • Rodent Diseases / psychology*
  • Social Behavior

Substances

  • Ethanol