Are E-cigarettes a safe and good alternative to cigarette smoking?

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2015 Mar;1340:65-74. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12609. Epub 2014 Dec 31.

Abstract

Electronic cigarettes (E-cigarettes) are devices that can vaporize a nicotine solution combined with liquid flavors instead of burning tobacco leaves. Since their emergence in 2004, E-cigarettes have become widely available, and their use has increased exponentially worldwide. E-cigarettes are aggressively advertised as a smoking cessation aid; as healthier, cheaper, and more socially acceptable than conventional cigarettes. In recent years, these claims have been evaluated in numerous studies. This review explores the development of the current E-cigarette and its market, prevalence of awareness, and use. The review also explores the beneficial and adverse effects of E-cigarettes in various aspects in accordance with recent research. The discussed aspects include smoking cessation or reduction and the health risks, social impact, and environmental consequences of E-cigarettes.

Keywords: cigarette smoking; electronic cigarette; nicotine; smoking cessation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems / adverse effects*
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems / standards
  • Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems / trends
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / therapy*
  • Smoking / trends
  • Smoking Cessation / methods*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / diagnosis
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / therapy*