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. 2014 Dec;4(24):4701-35.
doi: 10.1002/ece3.1303. Epub 2014 Dec 2.

The PREDICTS Database: A Global Database of How Local Terrestrial Biodiversity Responds to Human Impacts

Lawrence N Hudson  1 Tim Newbold  2 Sara Contu  1 Samantha L L Hill  3 Igor Lysenko  4 Adriana De Palma  5 Helen R P Phillips  5 Rebecca A Senior  6 Dominic J Bennett  4 Hollie Booth  7 Argyrios Choimes  5 David L P Correia  1 Julie Day  4 Susy Echeverría-Londoño  5 Morgan Garon  4 Michelle L K Harrison  4 Daniel J Ingram  8 Martin Jung  9 Victoria Kemp  4 Lucinda Kirkpatrick  10 Callum D Martin  4 Yuan Pan  11 Hannah J White  12 Job Aben  13 Stefan Abrahamczyk  14 Gilbert B Adum  15 Virginia Aguilar-Barquero  16 Marcelo A Aizen  17 Marc Ancrenaz  18 Enrique Arbeláez-Cortés  19 Inge Armbrecht  20 Badrul Azhar  21 Adrián B Azpiroz  22 Lander Baeten  23 András Báldi  24 John E Banks  25 Jos Barlow  26 Péter Batáry  27 Adam J Bates  28 Erin M Bayne  29 Pedro Beja  30 Åke Berg  31 Nicholas J Berry  32 Jake E Bicknell  33 Jochen H Bihn  34 Katrin Böhning-Gaese  35 Teun Boekhout  36 Céline Boutin  37 Jérémy Bouyer  38 Francis Q Brearley  39 Isabel Brito  40 Jörg Brunet  41 Grzegorz Buczkowski  42 Erika Buscardo  43 Jimmy Cabra-García  44 María Calviño-Cancela  45 Sydney A Cameron  46 Eliana M Cancello  47 Tiago F Carrijo  47 Anelena L Carvalho  48 Helena Castro  49 Alejandro A Castro-Luna  50 Rolando Cerda  51 Alexis Cerezo  52 Matthieu Chauvat  53 Frank M Clarke  54 Daniel F R Cleary  55 Stuart P Connop  56 Biagio D'Aniello  57 Pedro Giovâni da Silva  58 Ben Darvill  59 Jens Dauber  60 Alain Dejean  61 Tim Diekötter  62 Yamileth Dominguez-Haydar  63 Carsten F Dormann  64 Bertrand Dumont  65 Simon G Dures  66 Mats Dynesius  67 Lars Edenius  68 Zoltán Elek  69 Martin H Entling  70 Nina Farwig  71 Tom M Fayle  72 Antonio Felicioli  73 Annika M Felton  74 Gentile F Ficetola  75 Bruno K C Filgueiras  76 Steven J Fonte  77 Lauchlan H Fraser  78 Daisuke Fukuda  79 Dario Furlani  80 Jörg U Ganzhorn  81 Jenni G Garden  82 Carla Gheler-Costa  83 Paolo Giordani  84 Simonetta Giordano  85 Marco S Gottschalk  86 Dave Goulson  8 Aaron D Gove  87 James Grogan  88 Mick E Hanley  89 Thor Hanson  90 Nor R Hashim  91 Joseph E Hawes  92 Christian Hébert  93 Alvin J Helden  94 John-André Henden  95 Lionel Hernández  96 Felix Herzog  97 Diego Higuera-Diaz  98 Branko Hilje  99 Finbarr G Horgan  100 Roland Horváth  101 Kristoffer Hylander  102 Paola Isaacs-Cubides  103 Masahiro Ishitani  104 Carmen T Jacobs  105 Víctor J Jaramillo  106 Birgit Jauker  107 Mats Jonsell  108 Thomas S Jung  109 Vena Kapoor  110 Vassiliki Kati  111 Eric Katovai  112 Michael Kessler  113 Eva Knop  114 Annette Kolb  115 Ádám Kőrösi  116 Thibault Lachat  117 Victoria Lantschner  118 Violette Le Féon  119 Gretchen LeBuhn  120 Jean-Philippe Légaré  121 Susan G Letcher  122 Nick A Littlewood  123 Carlos A López-Quintero  124 Mounir Louhaichi  125 Gabor L Lövei  126 Manuel Esteban Lucas-Borja  127 Victor H Luja  128 Kaoru Maeto  129 Tibor Magura  130 Neil Aldrin Mallari  131 Erika Marin-Spiotta  132 E J P Marshall  133 Eliana Martínez  134 Margaret M Mayfield  135 Grzegorz Mikusinski  136 Jeffrey C Milder  137 James R Miller  138 Carolina L Morales  17 Mary N Muchane  139 Muchai Muchane  140 Robin Naidoo  141 Akihiro Nakamura  142 Shoji Naoe  143 Guiomar Nates-Parra  144 Dario A Navarrete Gutierrez  145 Eike L Neuschulz  146 Norbertas Noreika  147 Olivia Norfolk  148 Jorge Ari Noriega  149 Nicole M Nöske  150 Niall O'Dea  151 William Oduro  15 Caleb Ofori-Boateng  152 Chris O Oke  153 Lynne M Osgathorpe  154 Juan Paritsis  155 Alejandro Parra-H  156 Nicolás Pelegrin  157 Carlos A Peres  158 Anna S Persson  159 Theodora Petanidou  160 Ben Phalan  161 T Keith Philips  162 Katja Poveda  163 Eileen F Power  164 Steven J Presley  165 Vânia Proença  166 Marino Quaranta  167 Carolina Quintero  155 Nicola A Redpath-Downing  168 J Leighton Reid  169 Yana T Reis  170 Danilo B Ribeiro  171 Barbara A Richardson  172 Michael J Richardson  172 Carolina A Robles  173 Jörg Römbke  174 Luz Piedad Romero-Duque  175 Loreta Rosselli  175 Stephen J Rossiter  176 T'ai H Roulston  177 Laurent Rousseau  178 Jonathan P Sadler  179 Szabolcs Sáfián  180 Romeo A Saldaña-Vázquez  181 Ulrika Samnegård  182 Christof Schüepp  114 Oliver Schweiger  183 Jodi L Sedlock  184 Ghazala Shahabuddin  185 Douglas Sheil  186 Fernando A B Silva  187 Eleanor M Slade  188 Allan H Smith-Pardo  189 Navjot S Sodhi  190 Eduardo J Somarriba  51 Ramón A Sosa  191 Jane C Stout  192 Matthew J Struebig  193 Yik-Hei Sung  194 Caragh G Threlfall  195 Rebecca Tonietto  196 Béla Tóthmérész  197 Teja Tscharntke  27 Edgar C Turner  198 Jason M Tylianakis  199 Adam J Vanbergen  200 Kiril Vassilev  201 Hans A F Verboven  202 Carlos H Vergara  203 Pablo M Vergara  204 Jort Verhulst  205 Tony R Walker  206 Yanping Wang  207 James I Watling  208 Konstans Wells  209 Christopher D Williams  210 Michael R Willig  211 John C Z Woinarski  212 Jan H D Wolf  213 Ben A Woodcock  214 Douglas W Yu  215 Andrey S Zaitsev  216 Ben Collen  217 Rob M Ewers  4 Georgina M Mace  217 Drew W Purves  218 Jörn P W Scharlemann  219 Andy Purvis  5
Affiliations
Free PMC article

The PREDICTS Database: A Global Database of How Local Terrestrial Biodiversity Responds to Human Impacts

Lawrence N Hudson et al. Ecol Evol. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Biodiversity continues to decline in the face of increasing anthropogenic pressures such as habitat destruction, exploitation, pollution and introduction of alien species. Existing global databases of species' threat status or population time series are dominated by charismatic species. The collation of datasets with broad taxonomic and biogeographic extents, and that support computation of a range of biodiversity indicators, is necessary to enable better understanding of historical declines and to project - and avert - future declines. We describe and assess a new database of more than 1.6 million samples from 78 countries representing over 28,000 species, collated from existing spatial comparisons of local-scale biodiversity exposed to different intensities and types of anthropogenic pressures, from terrestrial sites around the world. The database contains measurements taken in 208 (of 814) ecoregions, 13 (of 14) biomes, 25 (of 35) biodiversity hotspots and 16 (of 17) megadiverse countries. The database contains more than 1% of the total number of all species described, and more than 1% of the described species within many taxonomic groups - including flowering plants, gymnosperms, birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, beetles, lepidopterans and hymenopterans. The dataset, which is still being added to, is therefore already considerably larger and more representative than those used by previous quantitative models of biodiversity trends and responses. The database is being assembled as part of the PREDICTS project (Projecting Responses of Ecological Diversity In Changing Terrestrial Systems - http://www.predicts.org.uk). We make site-level summary data available alongside this article. The full database will be publicly available in 2015.

Keywords: Data sharing; global change; habitat destruction; land use.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Site locations. Colors indicate biomes, taken from The Nature Conservancy's (2009) terrestrial ecoregions of the world dataset, shown in a geographic (WGS84) projection. Circle radii are proportional to log10 of the number of samples at that Site. All circles have the same degree of partial transparency.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Latitudinal coverage. The percentage of Studies (circles), Sites (crosses) and samples (pluses) in five-degree bands of latitude. We computed each Study's latitude as the median of its Sites’ latitudes. The solid and dashed lines show the percentage of total terrestrial area and percentage of total terrestrial NPP, respectively, in each five-degree band (see “ Biogeographical coverage ” in Methods). The dotted horizontal lines indicate the extent of the tropics.
Figure 3
Figure 3
Spatiotemporal sampling coverage. Site sampling dates by biome (A) and absolute latitude (B). Each Site is represented by a circle and line. Circle radii are proportional to log10 of the number of samples at that Site. Circle centers are at the midpoints of Site sampling dates; lines indicate the start and end dates of sampling. Y-values in (A) have been jittered at the study level. Circles and lines have the same degree of partial transparency. Biome colors and letters in (A) are as in Fig. 1. Colors in (B) indicate biogeographic realm.
Figure 4
Figure 4
Coverage of biomes. The percentage of Studies (A and B), Sites (C and D) and samples (E and F) against percentages of terrestrial NPP (A, C and E) and terrestrial area (B, D and F). Biome colors and letters are as in Fig. 1.
Figure 5
Figure 5
Representativeness of predominant land use and land-use intensity classes. Numbers are the percentage of Sites assigned to each combination of land use and intensity. Numbers in brackets and colors are the differences between these and the proportional estimated total terrestrial area of each combination of land use and land-use intensity for 2005, computed from the HYDE (Hurtt et al. 2011) and Global Land Systems datasets (van Asselen and Verburg 2012); no difference is shown for “Urban”/”Light use” because these datasets did not allow us to compute an estimate for this combination. The 12.15% of Sites that could not be assigned a classification for predominant land use and/or land-use intensity are not shown.
Figure 6
Figure 6
Taxonomic coverage. The number of species in our database against the number of described species as estimated by Chapman (2009). Vertebrates are shown in red, arthropods in pink, other animals in gray, plants in green and fungi in blue. The dashed, solid and dotted lines indicate 10, 1 and 0.1% representation, respectively. Groups with just a single species in the database – Diplura, Mycetozoa, Onychophora, Pauropoda, Phasmida, Siphonaptera, Symphyla and Zoraptera – are not shown.
Figure 7
Figure 7
Cumulative percentage of species in the database, by the taxonomic rank at which the name was matched to COL.
Figure 8
Figure 8
Number of Studies by lowest common taxonomic group. Bars show the number of Studies within each lowest common taxon (so, one Study examined the species Swietenia macrophylla, three Studies examined the species Bombus pascuorum, ten Studies examined multiple species within the genus Bombus, and so on). Colors are as in Figure 6. Numbers on the right are the primary references from which data were taken: 1 López-Quintero et al. ; 2 Buscardo et al. ; 3 Domínguez et al. ; 4 Nöske et al. ; 5 Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) ; 6 Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) ; 7 Sheil et al. ; 8 Dumont et al. ; 9 Proenca et al. ; 10 Baeten et al. ,; 11 Richardson et al. ; 12 Schon et al. ; 13 Muchane et al. ; 14 Vázquez and Simberloff ; 15 Bouyer et al. ; 16 O'Connor ; 17 Higuera and Wolf ; 18 Kati et al. ; 19 Lucas-Borja et al. ; 20 Louhaichi et al. ; 21 Power et al. ; 22 Brearley ; 23 Baeten et al. ; 24 Williams et al. ; 25 Mayfield et al. ; 26 Kolb and Diekmann ; 27 Phalan et al. ; 28 Vassilev et al. ; 29 Paritsis and Aizen ; 30 Boutin et al. ; 31 Baur et al. ; 32 Fensham et al. ; 33 Brunet et al. ; 34 Kessler et al. ; 35 Hylander and Nemomissa ; 36 Barlow et al. ; 37 Kumar and Shahabuddin ; 38 Kessler et al. ; 39 Hietz ; 40 Krauss et al. ; 41 Hernández et al. ; 42 Calviño-Cancela et al. ; 43 Golodets et al. ; 44 Castro et al. ; 45 Milder et al. ; 46 Helden and Leather ; 47 McNamara et al. ; 48 Katovai et al. ; 49 Berry et al. ; 50 Letcher and Chazdon ; 51 Romero-Duque et al. ; 52 Marin-Spiotta et al. ; 53 Power and Stout ; 54 Norfolk et al. ; 55 Poveda et al. ; 56 Cabra-García et al. ; 57 Turner and Foster ; 58 Woodcock et al. ; 59 Lachat et al. ; 60 Rousseau et al. ; 61 Nakamura et al. ; 62 Basset et al. ; 63 Hanley ; 64 Billeter et al. ; Diekötter et al. ; Le Féon et al. ; 65 Sung et al. ; 66 St-Laurent et al. ; 67 Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE) ; 68 Endo et al. ; 69 Alcala et al. ; 70 Bicknell and Peres ; 71 Woinarski et al. ; 72 Garden et al. ; 73 Hylander and Weibull ; 74 Giordano et al. ; 75 Ström et al. ; 76 Römbke et al. ; 77 Giordani ; 78 Hu and Cao ; 79 Edenius et al. ; 80 O'Dea and Whittaker ; 81 Ims and Henden ; 82 Rosselli ; 83 Arbeláez-Cortés et al. ; 84 Santana et al. ; 85 Sheldon et al. ; 86 Wang et al. ; 87 Sodhi et al. ; 88 Naoe et al. ; 89 Cerezo et al. ; 90 Lantschner et al. ; 91 Chapman and Reich ; 92 Báldi et al. ; 93 Farwig et al. ; 94 Shahabuddin and Kumar ; 95 Borges ; 96 Wunderle et al. ; 97 Politi et al. ; 98 Moreno-Mateos et al. ; 99 Mallari et al. ; 100 Latta et al. ; 101 Sosa et al. ; 102 Miranda et al. ; 103 Flaspohler et al. ; 104 Bóçon ; 105 Azpiroz and Blake ; 106 Aben et al. ; 107 Cockle et al. ; 108 Vergara and Simonetti ; 109 Azhar et al. ; 110 Reid et al. ; 111 Neuschulz et al. ; 112 Dawson et al. ; 113 Naidoo ; 114 Dures and Cumming ; 115 Meyer et al. ; 116 Summerville ; 117 Cleary et al. ; 118 Mudri-Stojnic et al. ; 119 Schüepp et al. ; 120 Bates et al. ; 121 Quintero et al. ; 122 Vergara and Badano ; 123 Kohler et al. ; 124 Meyer et al. , 125 Hoffmann and Zeller ; 126 Caceres et al. ; 127 Lantschner et al. ; 128 Wells et al. ; 129 Bernard et al. ; 130 Martin et al. ; 131 Gheler-Costa et al. ; 132 Sridhar et al. ; 133 Scott et al. ; 134 Oke ; 135 Oke and Chokor ; 136 Kappes et al. ; 137 Walker et al. ; 138 Lo-Man-Hung et al. ; 139 Zaitsev et al. ; 140 Robles et al. ; 141 Brito et al. ; 142 Luja et al. ; 143 Smith-Pardo and Gonzalez ; 144 Schüepp et al. ; 145 Tylianakis et al. ; 146 Verboven et al. ; 147 Osgathorpe et al. ; 148 Tonietto et al. ; 149 Samnegård et al. ; 150 Cameron et al. ; 151 Malone et al. ; 152 Marshall et al. ; 153 Shuler et al. ; 154 Quaranta et al. ; 155 Légaré et al. ; 156 Noreika ; 157 Otavo et al. ; 158 Numa et al. ; 159 Jonsell ; 160 Mico et al. ; 161 Rodrigues et al. ; 162 Sugiura et al. ; 163 Verdú et al. ; 164 Banks et al. ; 165 Elek and Lovei ; 166 Fukuda et al. ; 167 Castro-Luna et al. ; 168 Shafie et al. ; 169 Struebig et al. ; 170 Threlfall et al. ; 171 Presley et al. ; 172 Willig et al. ; 173 MacSwiney et al. ; 174 Clarke et al. ; 175 Sedlock et al. ; 176 Verdasca et al. ; 177 D'Aniello et al. ; 178 Berg et al. ; 179 Summerville et al. ; 180 Hawes et al. ; 181 Cleary and Mooers ; 182 Krauss et al. ; 183 Ishitani et al. ; 184 Safian et al. ; 185 Furlani et al. ; 186 Isaacs-Cubides and Urbina-Cardona ; 187 Gutierrez-Lamus ; 188 Adum et al. ; 189 Watling et al. ; 190 Pillsbury and Miller ; 191 Pineda and Halffter ; 192 Ofori-Boateng et al. ; 193 de Souza et al. ; 194 Faruk et al. ; 195 Hilje and Aide ; 196 Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute (ABMI) ; 197 Zaitsev et al. ; 198 Arroyo et al. ; 199 Paradis and Work ; 200 Buddle and Shorthouse ; 201 Kapoor ; 202 Alcayaga et al. ; 203 Magura et al. ; 204 Littlewood et al. ; 205 Kőrösi et al. ; 206 Oliveira et al. ; 207 Carrijo et al. ; 208 Reis and Cancello ; 209 Chauvat et al. ; 210 Otto and Roloff ; 211 Zimmerman et al. ; 212 Pelegrin and Bucher ; 213 Savage et al. ; 214 Bragagnolo et al. ; 215 Jung and Powell ; 216 Bartolommei et al. ; 217 Dominguez-Haydar and Armbrecht ; 218 Armbrecht et al. ; 219 Hashim et al. ; 220 Schmidt et al. ; 221 Maeto and Sato ; 222 Bihn et al. ; 223 Delabie et al. ; 224 Fayle et al. ; 225 Gove et al. ; 226 Buczkowski and Richmond ; 227 Buczkowski ; 228 Noriega et al. ; 229 Navarro et al. ; 230 Noriega et al. ; 231 Horgan ; 232 Gardner et al. ; 233 da Silva ; 234 Silva et al. ; 235 Jacobs et al. ; 236 Slade et al. ; 237 Filgueiras et al. ; 238 Navarrete and Halffter ; 239 Davis and Philips ; 240 Parra-H and Nates-Parra ; 241 Fierro et al. ; 242 Nielsen et al. ; 243 Julier and Roulston ; 244 Winfree et al. ; 245 Hanley ; 246 Liu et al. ; 247 Gu et al. ; 248 Noreika and Kotze ; 249 Rey-Velasco and Miranda-Esquivel ; 250 Vanbergen et al. ; 251 Koivula et al. ; 252 Weller and Ganzhorn ; 253 Carvalho et al. ; 254 Aguilar-Barquero and Jiménez-Hernández ; 255 Fermon et al. ; 256 Ribeiro and Freitas ; 257 Gottschalk et al. ; 258 Cagle ; 259 Johnson et al. ; 260 Su et al. ; 261 Saldana-Vazquez et al. ; 262 Nicolas et al. ; 263 Sakchoowong et al. ; 264 Yoshikura et al. ; 265 Hanley et al. ; 266 Connop et al. ; 267 Redpath et al. ; 268 Goulson et al. ; 269 Goulson et al. ; 270 Hatfield and LeBuhn ; 271 McFrederick and LeBuhn ; 272 Diekötter et al. ; 273 Darvill et al. ; 274 Matsumoto et al. ; 275 Knight et al. ; 276 Herrmann et al. ; 277 Ancrenaz et al. ; 278 Felton et al. ; 279 Knop et al. ; 280 Davis et al. ; 281 Hanson et al. ; 282 Ferreira and Alves ; 283 Luskin ; 284 Grogan et al. .
Figure 9
Figure 9
Data contributions by journal. The percentage of Data Sources (bars), Studies (circles), Sites (crosses) and samples (pluses) taken from each journal. Only journals from which more than one Data Source was taken are shown.

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