[Irritant-induced asthma]

Duodecim. 2014;130(20):2061-9.
[Article in Finnish]


Irritant-induced asthma is a rare disease, usually being caused by an accidental or other exceptionally strong exposure to substances irritating the respiratory passages. High-dose inhaled corticosteroid medication is immediately started at the emergency call service. If severe exposure is suspected, it is important to monitor the patient at least for a couple of days in hospital. Immediately after the acute stage diagnostic investigations are carried out, including a metacholine or histamine challenge test, since demonstration of airway hyperreactivity is of diagnostic and prognostic significance. The asthma may remain permanent.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / administration & dosage
  • Asthma / chemically induced*
  • Bronchial Provocation Tests
  • Humans
  • Inhalation Exposure
  • Irritants / poisoning*
  • Prognosis


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Irritants