Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 70, 414-24

Heterogeneous electro-Fenton Using Modified Iron-Carbon as Catalyst for 2,4-dichlorophenol Degradation: Influence Factors, Mechanism and Degradation Pathway

Affiliations

Heterogeneous electro-Fenton Using Modified Iron-Carbon as Catalyst for 2,4-dichlorophenol Degradation: Influence Factors, Mechanism and Degradation Pathway

Chao Zhang et al. Water Res.

Abstract

Modified iron-carbon with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was firstly investigated as heterogeneous electro-Fenton (EF) catalyst for 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) degradation in near neutral pH condition. The catalyst was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the effects of some important operating parameters such as current intensity and pH on the 2,4-DCP degradation were investigated. After the catalyst modification with 20% PTFE, the degradation performance maintained well with much lower iron leaching, and at current intensity 100 mA, initial pH 6.7, catalyst loading 6 g/L, the degradation efficiency of 2,4-DCP could exceed 95% within 120 min treatment. Two-stage pseudo first-order kinetics of 2,4-DCP degradation was observed, including a slow anodic oxidation stage (first-stage) and much faster heterogeneous EF oxidation (second-stage), in which the automatic drop of pH in the first-stage initiated the Fe(2+) release from micro-electrolysis and thus benefited to the subsequent EF reaction. Aromatic intermediates such as 3,5-dichlorocatechol, 4,6-dichlororesorcinol and 2-chlorohydroquinone were detected by GC-MS. Oxalic acid, acetic acid, formic acid and Cl(-) were quantified by ion chromatograph. Based on these analysis as well as the detection of H₂O₂ and OH, a possible mechanism and degradation pathway for 2,4-DCP were proposed. This work demonstrated that such a heterogeneous EF using cheap modified Fe-C catalyst was promising for organic wastewater treatment in initial neutral pH condition.

Keywords: 2,4-Dichlorophenol; Air diffusion electrode; Degradation mechanism; Heterogeneous electro-Fenton; Modified iron–carbon.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 6 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

Feedback