In the clinic. Rotator cuff disease

Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jan 6;162(1):ITC1-15. doi: 10.7326/AITC201501060.


Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder and has a substantial negative effect on quality of life. Its monthly prevalence in the general population is reported to be between 18% and 31%, whereas lifetime prevalence ranges between 6.7% and 66.7%. Shoulder pain is the third most frequent musculoskeletal reason to present to primary care and accounts for up to 10% of all referrals to physical therapists. Although the natural history of shoulder pain varies and is often self-limiting,up to half of persons who present for care, particularly the elderly, might continue to have pain and/or functional disturbance for up to 2 years after presentation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Muscular Diseases* / complications
  • Muscular Diseases* / diagnosis
  • Muscular Diseases* / prevention & control
  • Muscular Diseases* / therapy
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Risk Factors
  • Rotator Cuff Injuries
  • Rotator Cuff*
  • Shoulder Pain / etiology