Climate change, water quality, and water-related diseases in the Mekong Delta Basin: a systematic review

Asia Pac J Public Health. 2015 Apr;27(3):265-76. doi: 10.1177/1010539514565448. Epub 2015 Jan 5.


Mekong Delta Basin (MDB) is vulnerable to extreme climate and hydrological events. The objectives of this review are to understand of water related health effects exacerbated by climate change and the gaps of knowledge on the relationships between climate conditions, water quality, and water-related diseases in the MDB. The findings indicate that a few studies with qualitative emphases on the relationships between climate and water quality have been conducted in MDB, and they are insufficient to describe the pattern of climate-disease relationship. The diseases caused by chemical contaminants in relation to changes of climate conditions are neglected in MDB. We suggest further studies to examine the influence of short-term variation of climate conditions on water quality and water-related diseases for the purpose of public health and medical prevention, and due to the trans-boundary nature of MDB, developing partnership in data sharing and research collaboration among MDBs countries should be prioritized.

Keywords: Mekong Delta Basin; Mekong Delta River; climate change; water quality; water-related diseases.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Asia, Southeastern / epidemiology
  • China / epidemiology
  • Climate Change*
  • Humans
  • Water Quality*
  • Waterborne Diseases / epidemiology*