Comparison of prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake based on body weight status of adults in the United States: an analysis of NHANES 2001-2008

J Am Coll Nutr. 2015;34(2):126-34. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2014.901196. Epub 2015 Jan 7.


Objective: To compare micronutrient intake status of those overweight and those obese with normal weight adults.

Methods: Using total nutrient intake (from foods and supplements) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2008, we determined usual intakes for micronutrients using the National Cancer Institute methodology in adults (n = 18,177). Only subjects with reliable dietary records were included and pregnant and lactating females were excluded. Subjects were categorized by body weight status as either normal weight (body mass index [BMI] < 25), overweight (BMI ≥ 25 to < 30), or obese (BMI ≥ 30).

Results: A substantial proportion of the adult population (over 40%) had inadequate intakes of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, calcium, and magnesium. Compared to normal weight adults, obese adults had about 5% to 12% lower (p < 0.05) intakes of micronutrients and higher (p < 0.01) prevalence of nutrient inadequacy.

Conclusion: We conclude that obese adults compared to normal weight adults have lower micronutrient intake and higher prevalence of micronutrient inadequacy.

Keywords: NHANES; body weight; micronutrient; nutrient inadequacy; nutrient intake.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Weight*
  • Eating*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Micronutrients / administration & dosage*
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Surveys*
  • Obesity
  • Overweight*
  • United States


  • Micronutrients