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. 2014 Jun;18(2):151-60.
doi: 10.5717/jenb.2014.18.2.151. Epub 2014 May 1.

Effects of Detraining on Motor Unit Potential Area, Muscle Function and Physical Performance Based on CNTF Gene Polymorphism

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Free PMC article

Effects of Detraining on Motor Unit Potential Area, Muscle Function and Physical Performance Based on CNTF Gene Polymorphism

Sang Min Hong et al. J Exerc Nutrition Biochem. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of detraining on motor unit potential area (SMUP), muscular function and physical performance, according to CNTF gene polymorphism.

Methods: For this study, GG (normal homozygote, n = 8) group and GA + AA (mutation heterozygote and homozygote, n = 10) group were divided by CNTF gene polymorphism and both groups were performed detraining for 4 weeks. The data was analyzed by two-way repeated measures ANOVA for verifying the differences between two groups and interaction using SPSS (ver. 20.0) statistical program.

Results: The results were as follows. First, changes in body composition were measured but there was no significant interaction effect between time and group. Seconds, changes in SMUP were measured by SEMG. Interaction effect between time and group was found lateral vastus during isokinetic exercise of 180°/sec (p < .05). Third, changes in isokinetic muscle strength of 60°/sec and 180°/sec were measured but there was no significant interaction effect. Fourth, significant statistical differences were not showed changes of sports performance after detraining.

Conclusion: In conclusion, there were no significantly differences between GG and GA + AA group after detraining, therefore, further study will be considered a matter in various its interventions such as serum levels of CNTF and changes in receptors and muscle fiber types.

Keywords: CNTF gene polymorphism; detraining; motor unit potential area; muscular function; physical fitness.

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