Fabrication and characterization of a high-resolution neural probe for stereoelectroencephalography and single neuron recording

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014:2014:5244-7. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944808.


This paper reports on the design, fabrication, and characterization of neural probes for stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG). The probe specifically targets focal epilepsy as key application. However, probes of this type can also be used for the diagnosis and treatment of other neural dysfunctions such as Parkinson's disease or tremor, typically requiring deep brain probes. The probe fabrication, of which most processes are parallel batch processes, relies on a novel fabrication concept for rolling and gluing thin film polyimide sheets with integrated electrodes into permanent cylindrical shapes with diameters down to 800 μm. The SEEG probes, comprise several macro-electrodes designed to record local field potentials, and micro-electrodes positioned in-between, dedicated to monitoring single unit activity, with a total channel count of 32, despite the small diameter. While platinum micro-electrodes with a diameter of 35 μm have impedances of about 255 kΩ at 1 kHz, impedance values down to about 1.5 kΩ have been measured for the macro-electrodes. The devices have shown good compatibility with magnetic resonance imaging in a 9.4 T magnet, enabling the precise post-operative probe localization within the brain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Dielectric Spectroscopy
  • Electrodes, Implanted
  • Electroencephalography / methods*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Phantoms, Imaging