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. 2015 Mar;72:23-9.
doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.12.023. Epub 2015 Jan 5.

The Association of Physical Activity With All-Cause, Cardiovascular, and Cancer Mortalities Among Older Adults

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The Association of Physical Activity With All-Cause, Cardiovascular, and Cancer Mortalities Among Older Adults

Chen-Yi Wu et al. Prev Med. .

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the association of physical activity with all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortalities among older adults.

Methods: A study sample consisting of 77,541 community-dwelling Taipei citizens aged ≥ 65 years was selected based on data obtained from the government-sponsored Annual Geriatric Health Examination Program between 2006 and 2010. Subjects were asked how many times they had physical activity for ≥ 30 min during the past 6 months. Mortality was determined by matching cohort identifications with national death files.

Results: Compared to subjects with no physical activity, those who had 1-2 times of physical activity per week had a decreased risk of all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR): 0.77; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.71-0.85). Subjects with 3-5 times of physical activity per week had a further decreased risk of all-cause mortality (HR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.58-0.70). An inverse dose-response relationship was observed between physical activity and all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality. According to stratified analyses, physical activity was associated with a decreased risk of mortality in most subgroups.

Conclusions: Physical activity had an inverse association with all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality among older adults. Furthermore, most elderly people can benefit from an active lifestyle.

Keywords: All-cause mortality; Cancer mortality; Cardiovascular mortality; Older adults; Physical activity.

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