An outbreak of Burkholderia stabilis colonization in a nasal ward

Int J Infect Dis. 2015 Apr;33:71-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2014.12.046. Epub 2015 Jan 8.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe an outbreak of Burkholderia stabilis colonization among patients in a nasal ward.

Methods: Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was used for the molecular typing of B. stabilis isolates. Microbiological records were reviewed to delineate the colonization outbreak period. One hundred seventy-one cultures of environment and equipment samples from the nasal ward were performed to trace the source of contamination. Infection control measures were taken in order to end the outbreak.

Results: All B. stabilis isolates were identified as a new MLST type, ST821. A total of 53 patients carried this B. stabilis in the nasal ward between March and September 2013, which was defined as the outbreak period. The source of the colonization was not determined because all environment cultures were negative for Burkholderia cepacia complex. No further B. stabilis carriers have been found in the ward since the implementation of interventions.

Conclusions: Attention must be paid to asymptomatic colonization in order to identify outbreaks early.

Keywords: Burkholderia stabilis; Hospital; MLST; Nasal; Outbreak.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Burkholderia / classification
  • Burkholderia / genetics
  • Burkholderia / isolation & purification
  • Burkholderia Infections / complications
  • Burkholderia Infections / epidemiology*
  • Burkholderia Infections / microbiology
  • Cross Infection / epidemiology*
  • Cross Infection / microbiology
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Humans
  • Multilocus Sequence Typing
  • Nose Diseases / complications