Impact of medical and surgical treatment of endometriosis on the cure of endometriosis and pain

Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:264653. doi: 10.1155/2014/264653. Epub 2014 Dec 15.

Abstract

This endometriosis study evaluates three different treatment strategies (hormonal medication, surgical, or combined treatment) and discusses the influence of endometriosis on the cure of this disease and pain relief. Four hundred and fifty patients with genital endometriosis, aged 18-44 years, were randomly distributed to three treatment groups at the first laparoscopy. They were reevaluated at a second-look laparoscopy (D 426/10), one to two months after the three-month hormonal therapy for groups 1 and 3 and five to six months later for group 2 (surgical treatment alone). Outcome data focussed on the recurrence of symptoms and pain. The three treatment options independent of the initial endoscopic endometriosis classification (EEC) stage including deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) achieved an overall cure rate of 50% or higher. The highest cure rate of 60% was achieved by the combined treatment, 55% by the exclusively hormonal therapy, and 50% by the exclusively surgical treatment. An overall pregnancy rate between 55% and 65% was achieved with no significant difference in relation to the therapeutical option.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Endometriosis / drug therapy*
  • Endometriosis / physiopathology
  • Endometriosis / surgery*
  • Female
  • Hormones / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy
  • Pain / drug therapy*
  • Pain / physiopathology
  • Pain / surgery*
  • Pregnancy
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Hormones