Diagnosis and imaging of orbital roof fractures: a review of the current literature

Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015 Mar;19(1):1-4. doi: 10.1007/s10006-015-0482-9. Epub 2015 Jan 14.


Isolated adult orbital roof fractures are uncommon, and the majority of them are typically associated with extensive craniofacial, ophthalmologic, and other body injuries. It is crucial to make an appropriate diagnosis of orbital roof fracture if present. Therefore, the aim of this article was to review the current literature about diagnosis and imaging of orbital roof fracture to obtain current indications. A systematic review of articles published between January 1990 and August 2013 was performed. Early diagnosis of orbital roof fractures can reduce the incidences of intracranial and ocular complications. CT scan still plays a major role in the assessment of acute orbital trauma. Careful assessment and reporting of the CT scan findings are important. In fact, the clinicians managing the patient with acute head and facial trauma should be familiar with the common findings of CT scan in case of an orbital roof fracture.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Fracture Healing / physiology
  • Humans
  • Orbital Fractures / classification
  • Orbital Fractures / complications
  • Orbital Fractures / diagnostic imaging*
  • Orbital Fractures / surgery*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed