RETRACTED: Fueling doubt and openness: experiencing the unconscious, constructed nature of perception induces uncertainty and openness to change

Cognition. 2015 Apr;137:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.12.003. Epub 2015 Jan 12.


This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( The article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief, Steven Sloman, following a request by the authors. The reason for the retraction is that the article includes fabricated or manipulated data.

Keywords: Cognition; Confidence; Judgment and decision making; Naïve realism.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Retracted Publication

MeSH terms

  • Awareness / physiology
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Decision Making / physiology*
  • Emotions / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Illusions / physiology
  • Illusions / psychology
  • Judgment / physiology*
  • Male
  • Uncertainty*