Impact of boronate capping groups on biological characteristics of novel (99m)Tc(III) complexes [(99m)TcCl(CDO)(CDOH)2B-R] (CDOH2 = cyclohexanedione dioxime)

Bioconjug Chem. 2015 Feb 18;26(2):316-28. doi: 10.1021/bc500583k. Epub 2015 Jan 26.


This study sought to explore the impact of boronate groups on the heart uptake and myocardial retention of novel (99m)Tc(III) complexes [(99m)TcCl(CDO)(CDOH)2B-R] ((99m)Tc-ISboroxime: R = isoxazol-4-yl (IS); (99m)Tc-MPboroxime: R = N-methylpyridinium (MP); (99m)Tc-PAboroxime: R = pyrazol-3-yl (PA); (99m)Tc-PYboroxime: R = pyridin-3-yl (PY); and (99m)Tc-5Uboroxime: R = uracil-5-yl (5U)). All five new (99m)Tc(III) radiotracers were prepared in high yield and high radiochemical purity (RCP = 90-98%), and they remained stable in the kit mixture for >6 h. Biodistribution and imaging (planar and SPECT) studies were carried out using Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. Planar image quantification was performed to compare their myocardial retention and liver clearance kinetics. It was found that their heart retention and liver clearance curves were best fitted to the biexponential decay function. The initial heart uptake at 0-1 min after injection followed the general ranking order of (99m)Tc-ISboroxime (4.98 ± 1.05%ID) ∼ (99m)Tc-Teboroxime (4.56 ± 0.91%ID) ∼ (99m)Tc-PAboroxime (4.03 ± 1.23%ID) ∼ (99m)Tc-PYboroxime (4.07 ± 0.80%ID) > (99m)Tc-5Uboroxime (3.24 ± 0.67%ID) > (99m)Tc-MPboroxime (2.53 ± 0.65%ID). The fast-phase myocardial retention time followed the general order of (99m)Tc-PAboroxime (3.21 ± 0.29 min) > (99m)Tc-Teboroxime (1.63 ± 0.40 min) ∼ (99m)Tc-PYboroxime (1.57 ± 0.29 min) ∼ (99m)Tc-ISboroxime (1.55 ± 0.32 min) > (99m)Tc-MPboroxime (0.68 ± 0.16 min) > (99m)Tc-5Uboroxime (0.33 ± 0.11 min). (99m)Tc-PAboroxime (3.05 ± 1.10%ID/g) and (99m)Tc-ISboroxime (3.75 ± 0.68%ID/g) had the 2 min initial heart uptake very close to that of (99m)Tc-Teboroxime (3.30 ± 0.50%ID/g). However, the myocardial retention time of (99m)Tc-PAboroxime was significantly longer than that of (99m)Tc-ISboroxime and (99m)Tc-Teboroxime. Even though the best time window is 0-5 min for SPECT image acquisition, high quality SPECT images could be obtained during the first 30 min postinjection of (99m)Tc-PAboroxime in SD rats. This statement was supported by the SPECT/CT studies in normal pigs. On the basis of results from this study, it was concluded that boronate groups had significant impact on the heart uptake, myocardial retention, and liver clearance kinetics of (99m)Tc(III) complexes [(99m)TcCl(CDO)(CDOH)2B-R]. The combination of high initial heart uptake with longer myocardial retention makes it possible to image the heart with (99m)Tc-PAboroxime during the first 30 min using both standard and specialized cardiac SPECT cameras.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Boronic Acids / chemistry
  • Boronic Acids / pharmacokinetics
  • Female
  • Male
  • Organotechnetium Compounds / chemistry*
  • Organotechnetium Compounds / pharmacokinetics*
  • Oximes / chemistry
  • Oximes / pharmacokinetics
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / chemistry
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / pharmacokinetics
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Swine
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*


  • Boronic Acids
  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • Oximes
  • Radiopharmaceuticals