Tetracycline (Tc) resistance was found in nine out of ten clinical isolates of Enterococcus faecium. Conjugative transposons, designated Tn5031, Tn5032 and Tn5033, were present in the chromosome of three isolates. The transposons were similar both structurally and functionally to Tn916 containing the tetM determinant. A large non-conjugative plasmid found in a fourth isolate contained an element homologous to Tn916. The four isolates containing the element showing homology to Tn916 exhibited a substantially higher level of Tc resistance than the remaining five Tc-resistant isolates. Tc-resistance genes which have not been identified are apparently responsible for the low-level Tc resistance in five clinical isolates.