Topical TrkA Kinase Inhibitor CT327 is an Effective, Novel Therapy for the Treatment of Pruritus due to Psoriasis: Results from Experimental Studies, and Efficacy and Safety of CT327 in a Phase 2b Clinical Trial in Patients with Psoriasis

Acta Derm Venereol. 2015 May;95(5):542-8. doi: 10.2340/00015555-2047.

Abstract

Pruritus is an important symptom in psoriasis with no targeted treatment. Tropomyosin-receptor kinase A (TrkA) is associated with pruritus and psoriatic plaque formation. We report the efficacy of a TrkA inhibitor, CT327, on pruritus in psoriasis. A randomised, double-blind, vehicle-controlled Phase 2b clinical trial was conducted in 160 subjects. No effect was found on psoriasis severity using Investigator's Global Assessment (primary endpoint). However, clinically and statistically significant reductions in pruritus were observed in the 108 patient subset reporting at least moderate pruritus at baseline (37.1 mm visual analogue scale improvement (95% CI [-37.5, -6.2], p = 0.0067) for lowest dose; secondary endpoint). Significant modified Psoriasis Area and Severity Index reductions were found in this subset (p < 0.05). Experiments exploring capsaicin-mediated calcium influx, important in pruritus signalling, were performed in sensory neurons. CT327 inhibited capsaicin responses, indicating action at the nerve growth factor-TrkA-TRPV1 pathway. TrkA is a key target in pruritus, and CT327 has potential to become an effective and safe first-in-class treatment.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Adult
  • Biopsy, Needle
  • Capsaicin / pharmacology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chronic Disease
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Safety
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Pruritus / drug therapy*
  • Pruritus / enzymology
  • Pruritus / etiology
  • Pruritus / physiopathology
  • Psoriasis / complications
  • Psoriasis / drug therapy*
  • Psoriasis / enzymology
  • Psoriasis / pathology*
  • Receptor, trkA / administration & dosage
  • Receptor, trkA / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Receptor, trkA
  • Capsaicin