Background: Hyperparathyroidism is reported in 10% to 66% of renal transplant recipients (RTR). The influence of persisting hyperparathyroidism on long-term clinical outcomes in RTR has not been examined in a large prospective study.
Methods: We investigated the association between baseline parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and major cardiovascular events, renal graft loss, and all-cause mortality by Cox Proportional Hazard survival analyses in 1840 stable RTR derived from the Assessment of LEscol in Renal Transplantation trial. Patients were recruited in a mean of 5.1 years after transplantation, and follow-up time was 6 to 7 years.
Results: Significant associations between PTH and all 3 outcomes were found in univariate analyses. When adjusting for a range of plausible confounders, including measures of renal function and serum mineral levels, PTH remained significantly associated with all-cause mortality (4% increased risk per 10 units; P=0.004), and with graft loss (6% increased risk per 10 units; P<0.001), but not with major cardiovascular events. Parathyroid hormone above the upper limit of normal (65 pg/mL) indicated a 46% (P=0.006) higher risk of death and an 85% higher risk of graft loss (P<0.001) compared with low/normal values.
Conclusions: Hyperparathyroidism is an independent, potentially remediable, risk factor for renal graft loss and all-cause mortality in RTR.