Manganese and Microbial Pathogenesis: Sequestration by the Mammalian Immune System and Utilization by Microorganisms

ACS Chem Biol. 2015 Mar 20;10(3):641-51. doi: 10.1021/cb500792b. Epub 2015 Jan 16.

Abstract

Bacterial and fungal pathogens cause a variety of infectious diseases and constitute a significant threat to public health. The human innate immune system represents the first line of defense against pathogenic microbes and employs a range of chemical artillery to combat these invaders. One important mechanism of innate immunity is the sequestration of metal ions that are essential nutrients. Manganese is one nutrient that is required for many pathogens to establish an infective lifestyle. This review summarizes recent advances in the role of manganese in the host-pathogen interaction and highlights Mn(II) sequestration by neutrophil calprotectin as well as how bacterial acquisition and utilization of manganese enables pathogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacteria / growth & development
  • Bacteria / metabolism*
  • Bacteria / pathogenicity
  • Bacterial Infections / immunology*
  • Bacterial Infections / microbiology
  • Calgranulin A / chemistry
  • Calgranulin A / genetics
  • Calgranulin A / immunology
  • Calgranulin B / chemistry
  • Calgranulin B / genetics
  • Calgranulin B / immunology
  • Cations, Divalent
  • Coordination Complexes / chemistry*
  • Coordination Complexes / immunology
  • Gene Expression
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate*
  • Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex / chemistry*
  • Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex / genetics
  • Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex / immunology
  • Manganese / chemistry*
  • Manganese / metabolism
  • Models, Molecular
  • Neutrophils / immunology
  • Neutrophils / microbiology
  • Protein Binding
  • Zinc / chemistry
  • Zinc / metabolism

Substances

  • Calgranulin A
  • Calgranulin B
  • Cations, Divalent
  • Coordination Complexes
  • Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex
  • Manganese
  • Zinc