Plasma glucose and insulin, urinary catecholamine and cortisol responses to test breakfasts with high or low fibre content: the importance of the previous diet

Ann Nutr Metab. 1989;33(6):333-40. doi: 10.1159/000177555.

Abstract

A 60-hour high-carbohydrate (high-CHO) diet or a 36-hour low-carbohydrate (low-CHO) diet was followed by 24 healthy women in a cross-over design to modify liver glycogen content. Thereafter each subject was given a high-sucrose breakfast, a high-protein, high-fibre breakfast or no breakfast. The two different breakfasts evoked larger plasma glucose responses following the low-CHO diet than when following the high-CHO diet. When the two breakfasts followed the same pre-period diet, no significant differences were observed. We conclude that the composition of the previous diet influences the postprandial response to meals and that a standardised diet shortly before test meal studies is of importance for the results in this type of studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Catecholamines / urine*
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / urine*
  • Insulin / blood*

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Catecholamines
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Insulin
  • Hydrocortisone