Identifying Predictors of Longitudinal Decline in the Level of Medical Care Received by Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer: A Report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study

Health Serv Res. 2015 Aug;50(4):1021-42. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12282. Epub 2015 Jan 20.


Objectives: Characterize longitudinal changes in the use of medical care in adult survivors of childhood cancer.

Data sources: The Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, a retrospective cohort study of 5+ year survivors of childhood cancer.

Study design: Medical care was assessed at entry into the cohort (baseline) and at most recent questionnaire completion. Care at each time point was classified as no care, general care, or survivor-focused care.

Data collection: There were 6,176 eligible survivors. Multivariable models evaluated risk factors for reporting survivor-focused care or general medical care at baseline and no care at follow-up; and survivor-focused care at baseline and general care at follow-up.

Principal findings: Males (RR, 2.3; 95 percent CI 1.8-2.9), earning <$20,000/year (RR, 1.6; 95 percent CI 1.2-2.3) or ≤ high school education (RR, 2.5; 95 percent CI 1.6-3.8 and RR 2.0; 95 percent CI 1.5-2.7 for <high school and high school, respectively) were associated with no care at follow-up. Survivors with severe or life-threatening conditions at baseline (RR 0.5; 95 percent CI 0.3-0.6) were less likely to report no care at follow-up.

Conclusions: While the incidence of late effects increases over time for survivors, the likelihood of receiving survivor-focused care decreases for vulnerable populations.

Keywords: Childhood cancer survivors; delivery of health care; health care access; health insurance; survivorship.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Female
  • Health Services / statistics & numerical data*
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Neoplasms / therapy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Survivors / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult