The free fatty acid receptor GPR40 has been proposed as a potential target for type 2 diabetes (T2D) pharmacotherapy. This idea has been validated in both preclinical and clinical studies, in which activation of GPR40 was shown to improve glycaemic control by stimulating glucose-dependent insulin secretion; however, the recent termination of phase III clinical trials using the GPR40 agonist TAK-875 (fasiglifam) has raised important questions regarding the long-term safety and viability of targeting GPR40 and, more specifically, about our understanding of this receptor's basic biology. In the present review, we provide a summary of established and novel concepts related to GPR40's pharmacobiology and discuss the current status and future outlook for GPR40-based drug development for the treatment of T2D.
Keywords: antidiabetic drug; beta cell; insulin secretion; pharmacology; seven-transmembrane domain receptors.
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.