Examination of Autoantibody Status and Clinical Features Associated With Cancer Risk and Cancer-Associated Scleroderma

Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015 Apr;67(4):1053-61. doi: 10.1002/art.39022.

Abstract

Objective: We previously reported a contemporaneous onset of cancer and scleroderma in patients with anti-RNA polymerase III antibodies, and we identified a biologic link between cancer and scleroderma. This investigation was designed to further evaluate whether autoantibody status and other characteristics are associated with cancer and a clustering of cancer with scleroderma onset.

Methods: Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship of 2 outcomes, cancer (model 1) and a short (±2 years) cancer-scleroderma interval (model 2), with autoantibody status and scleroderma covariates.

Results: Of 1,044 scleroderma patients, 168 (16.1%) had cancer. In the adjusted model 1, only older age at scleroderma onset (odds ratio 1.04 [95% confidence interval 1.02-1.05]) and white race (odds ratio 2.71 [95% confidence interval 1.22-6.04]) were significantly associated with an increased overall risk of cancer. In the adjusted model 2, only anti-RNA polymerase III positivity (odds ratio 5.08 [95% confidence interval 1.60-16.1]) and older age at scleroderma onset (odds ratio 1.04 [95% confidence interval 1.00-1.08]) were significantly associated with a short cancer-scleroderma interval. While anti-RNA polymerase III positivity was associated with a short cancer-scleroderma interval independent of age at scleroderma onset, the cancer-scleroderma interval shortened with older age at scleroderma onset in other antibody groups (Spearman's correlation P < 0.05), particularly among patients with anti-topoisomerase I antibodies and patients who were negative for anticentromere, anti-topoisomerase I, and anti-RNA polymerase III antibodies.

Conclusion: Increased age at scleroderma onset is strongly associated with cancer risk overall. While anti-RNA polymerase III status is an independent marker of coincident cancer and scleroderma at any age, a clustering of cancer with scleroderma is also seen in patients with anti-topoisomerase I and other autoantibody specificities who develop scleroderma at older ages.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Autoantibodies / blood*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / blood
  • Neoplasms / complications
  • Neoplasms / immunology*
  • RNA Polymerase III / immunology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Scleroderma, Systemic / blood
  • Scleroderma, Systemic / complications
  • Scleroderma, Systemic / immunology*

Substances

  • Autoantibodies
  • RNA Polymerase III