Objectives: (1) To investigate the outcomes of cochlear implant receiver-stimulator (RS) placement using a tight subperiosteal pocket technique without device fixation and (2) to compare the efficiency of this approach with the traditional bony well and trough technique.
Study design: Case series with planned chart review.
Setting: Single tertiary academic referral center.
Subjects and methods: All cochlear implant surgeries utilizing a tight subperiosteal pocket without additional fixation or use of a bone well were identified retrospectively. Revision cases were only included if the tight subperiosteal pocket technique was used during the initial surgery. Patients with less than 6 months of postoperative follow-up were excluded. Primary outcome measures included RS migration, flap complications, device failure, and percentage reduction in operative time.
Results: Two hundred twenty-eight cases (average age 45.3 years) met inclusion criterion and were analyzed. At a mean follow-up of 18.1 months, no patient experienced RS migration. One patient experienced a postoperative hematoma that was managed with observation. One patient developed a surgical site infection that resolved following exploration and intravenous antibiotics. The subperiosteal pocket technique resulted in an 18.9% reduction in total operative time compared to a more conventional RS placement method (P < .01).
Conclusions: The tight subperiosteal pocket without fixation is a safe, durable, and time-saving technique for RS placement during cochlear implantation. Notably, device migration and flap complications are very uncommon.
Keywords: cochlear implant; sensorineural hearing loss; subperiosteal pocket; surgical technique; tight pocket.
© American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2015.