Platelet bioreactor-on-a-chip

Blood. 2014 Sep 18;124(12):1857-67. doi: 10.1182/blood-2014-05-574913.


Platelet transfusions total >2.17 million apheresis-equivalent units per year in the United States and are derived entirely from human donors, despite clinically significant immunogenicity, associated risk of sepsis, and inventory shortages due to high demand and 5-day shelf life. To take advantage of known physiological drivers of thrombopoiesis, we have developed a microfluidic human platelet bioreactor that recapitulates bone marrow stiffness, extracellular matrix composition,micro-channel size, hemodynamic vascular shear stress, and endothelial cell contacts, and it supports high-resolution live-cell microscopy and quantification of platelet production. Physiological shear stresses triggered proplatelet initiation, reproduced ex vivo bone marrow proplatelet production, and generated functional platelets. Modeling human bone marrow composition and hemodynamics in vitro obviates risks associated with platelet procurement and storage to help meet growing transfusion needs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomimetic Materials
  • Bioreactors*
  • Blood Platelets* / cytology
  • Blood Platelets* / physiology
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Megakaryocytes / cytology
  • Megakaryocytes / physiology
  • Mice
  • Microfluidic Analytical Techniques*
  • Models, Biological
  • Platelet Transfusion
  • Thrombopoiesis