G protein βγ subunits regulate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy through a perinuclear Golgi phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate hydrolysis pathway

Mol Biol Cell. 2015 Mar 15;26(6):1188-98. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E14-10-1476. Epub 2015 Jan 21.


We recently identified a novel GPCR-dependent pathway for regulation of cardiac hypertrophy that depends on Golgi phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PI4P) hydrolysis by a specific isoform of phospholipase C (PLC), PLCε, at the nuclear envelope. How stimuli are transmitted from cell surface GPCRs to activation of perinuclear PLCε is not clear. Here we tested the role of G protein βγ subunits. Gβγ inhibition blocked ET-1-stimulated Golgi PI4P depletion in neonatal and adult ventricular myocytes. Blocking Gβγ at the Golgi inhibited ET-1-dependent PI4P depletion and nuclear PKD activation. Translocation of Gβγ to the Golgi stimulated perinuclear Golgi PI4P depletion and nuclear PKD activation. Finally, blocking Gβγ at the Golgi or PM blocked ET-1-dependent cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. These data indicate that Gβγ regulation of the perinuclear Golgi PI4P pathway and a separate pathway at the PM is required for ET-1-stimulated hypertrophy, and the efficacy of Gβγ inhibition in preventing heart failure maybe due in part to its blocking both these pathways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiomegaly / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • GTP-Binding Protein beta Subunits / physiology*
  • GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits / physiology*
  • Golgi Apparatus / metabolism*
  • Hydrolysis
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / physiology*
  • Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates
  • Protein Transport
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Second Messenger Systems


  • G-protein Beta gamma
  • GTP-Binding Protein beta Subunits
  • GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits
  • Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates
  • phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate