Unusual manifestations of ectodermal dysplasia-syndactyly syndrome type I in two Yemeni siblings

Dermatol Online J. 2015 Jan 15;21(1):13030/qt7cz9v3m0.


Ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) are a group of genodermatoses characterized by malformations of tissues derived from the ectoderm, including the skin, its appendages (hair, nails, sweat glands), teeth, and the breasts. Ectodermal dysplasia syndactyly syndrome (EDSS) is a rare, newly described type of ED involving syndactyly. We report 2 Yemeni siblings with typical EDSS manifestations, including bilateral, partial cutaneous syndactyly of the fingers and toes; sparse, coarse, brittle scalp hair, eyebrows, and eyelashes; and conical, widely spaced teeth with enamel notches. In addition, the siblings presented with other features hitherto not described for this syndrome, such as adermatoglyphia, onychogryphosis, hypoplastic widely spaced nipples, hypoplastic thumbs, and red scalp hair.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple*
  • Adolescent
  • Anodontia / diagnosis
  • Breast / abnormalities
  • Child
  • Consanguinity
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Ear / abnormalities
  • Ectodermal Dysplasia / complications*
  • Ectodermal Dysplasia / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Fingers / abnormalities*
  • Hair / abnormalities
  • Humans
  • Lacrimal Duct Obstruction / diagnosis
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Male
  • Nails, Malformed / diagnosis
  • Pigmentation Disorders / diagnosis
  • Siblings
  • Syndactyly / complications*
  • Syndrome
  • Toes / abnormalities*
  • Tooth Abnormalities / etiology
  • Yemen

Supplementary concepts

  • Propping Zerres syndrome