Shaken Baby Syndrome: a review

Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2015 Jun;34(3):169-75. doi: 10.3109/15513815.2014.999394. Epub 2015 Jan 23.


Shaken Baby Syndrome occurs in infants as a result of the brain pushing against the skull due to severe acceleration-deceleration forces. Symptoms of Shaken Baby Syndrome include subdural, subarachnoid, and retinal hemorrhages. MRI and ocular examinations are used to determine the extent of mental and visual damage and β-amyloid precursor protein immunohistochemical staining is used to detect axonal injuries. Surgeries such as Subdural hemorrhage (SDH) evacuation surgery and the Burr hole craniotomy are used to treat Shaken Baby Syndrome; however, the prognosis is poor in many cases. Because of the severity of Shaken Baby Syndrome and its traumatic and sometimes fatal effects, it is important to educate new parents, nurses, and doctors on the syndrome in order to prevent incidents.

Keywords: Shaken Baby Syndrome; infants; retinal hemorrhage; subarachnoid hemorrhage; subdural hemorrhage; subdural hemorrhage evacuation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Shaken Baby Syndrome / therapy*