Regeneration, relocation and health behaviours in deprived communities

Health Place. 2015 Mar;32:43-58. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.12.012. Epub 2015 Jan 22.


In the UK, recent regeneration programmes have aimed to improve the health of those who remain in their neighbourhood (Remainers) and those who are relocated (Outmovers); thus, as part of the 10-year GoWell study (2006-2015) of the effects of demolition, rebuilding and housing improvements on residents and communities, we examined associations of health behaviours with residential conditions and location status in deprived neighbourhoods of Glasgow. Better internal dwelling conditions were associated with several better health behaviours; in relation to neighbourhood conditions, the results were more mixed. Outmovers often exhibited worse health behaviours than Remainers, perhaps because environmental and social conditions were little altered by relocation, and because personal support mechanisms were missing. Health behaviours were relatively good among Remainers, indicating that in situ changes might stimulate life-changing improvements, but relocation less so.

Keywords: Diet; Physical activity; Relocation; Smoking and alcohol drinking; Urban regeneration.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology
  • Cultural Deprivation
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Health Behavior*
  • Health Surveys
  • Housing
  • Human Migration / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Population Dynamics
  • Poverty / psychology
  • Poverty / statistics & numerical data*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Scotland / epidemiology
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Urban Renewal
  • Young Adult