Filter-aided sample preparation is a proteomic technique for the preparation and on column proteolysis of proteins. Recently an enhanced FASP protocol was developed that uses deoxycholic acid (DCA) and that reportedly enhances trypsin proteolysis, resulting in increases cytosolic and membrane protein representation. FASP and eFASP were re-evaluated by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to a quadrupole mass filter Orbitrap analyzer (Q Exactive). Although there was no difference in trypsin activity, 14,099 and 13,414 peptides, describing 1723 and 1793 protein groups, from Escherichia coli K12 were identified using FASP and eFASP, respectively. Characterization of the physicochemical properties of identified peptides showed no significant differences other than eFASP extracting slightly more basic peptides. At the protein level, both methods extracted essentially the same number of hydrophobic transmembrane helix-containing proteins as well as proteins associated with the cytoplasm or the cytoplasmic and outer membranes. By employing state-of-the-art LC-MS/MS shot gun proteomics, our results indicate that FASP and eFASP showed no significant differences at the protein level. However, because of the slight differences in selectivity at the physicochemical level of peptides, these methods can be seen to be somewhat complementary for analyses of complex peptide mixtures.
Keywords: Escherichia coli K12; FASP; Q exactive; deoxycholic acid; eFASP; enhanced FASP; filtered-aided sample preparation; physicochemical.