China's New Demographic Reality: Learning From the 2010 Census

Popul Dev Rev. 2013 Sep 1;39(3):371-396. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2013.00608.x.


The paper provides an examination of China's 2010 census data to evaluate its quality and to assess China's demographic situation. The demographic trends revealed by the new census data suggest that China has entered a new demographic era characterized by prolonged low fertility, elevated sex ratios, rapid aging, fast urbanization and major geographic redistribution. How China responses to these demographic challenges will have profound implications for its social and economic future.