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Review
. 2015 Mar;44(3):261-70.
doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2014.07.029. Epub 2015 Jan 23.

[Abuse of Energy Drinks: Does It Pose a Risk?]

[Article in French]
Affiliations
Review

[Abuse of Energy Drinks: Does It Pose a Risk?]

[Article in French]
Aymeric Petit et al. Presse Med. .

Abstract

Background: Energy drinks designate "any product in the form of a drink or concentrated liquid containing a mixture of ingredients having the property to raise the level of energy and liveliness". Their introduction has raised many reluctance and reserves after numerous cardiovascular and neurological injuries among regular consumers.

Objective: This article attempts to synthesize the existing literature on energy drinks. The review focuses to show that excessive energy drinks consumption cause many complications.

Methods: The literature review was conducted from 2001 to 2014, using PubMed, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and PsycInfo, using the following keywords alone or combined: energy drinks, caffeine, taurine, toxicity, dependence, complications.

Results: Occasional or moderate consumption of these cans seem to present little risk to healthy adults. However, their repeated consumption in proportions that far exceed the recommendations for recommended use by the manufacturers, combined with the use of alcohol or illicit drugs consumption increases the risk of occurrence of somatic and psychiatric complications, especially among underage, and subjects with cardiovascular and neurological history.

Conclusion: Repeated consumption of energy drinks increases the risk of somatic and psychiatric complications. Further studies must be controlled to improve our understanding of other possible negative consequences on health.

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