Developing a comprehensive resident education evaluation system in the era of milestone assessment

J Surg Educ. 2015 Jul-Aug;72(4):618-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2014.12.007. Epub 2015 Jan 23.


Objectives: In an effort to move training programs toward competency-based education, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) introduced the Next Accreditation System (NAS), which organizes specific milestones regarding resident skills, knowledge, and abilities along a continuum. In order to foster innovation and creativity, the ACGME has provided programs with minimal guidelines regarding the optimal way to approach these milestones.

Methods: The education team at UT Southwestern embraced the milestones and developed a process in which performance assessment methods were critically evaluated, mapped onto an extrapolated performance list corresponding to the areas required by the ACGME milestones, and filled gaps in the previous system by modifying evaluation tools and creating new program components.

Results: Although the authors are early in the evolution of applying the new milestones system, this approach has thus far allowed them to comprehensively evaluate the residents and the program in an efficient and effective fashion, with notable improvements compared to the prior approach.

Conclusions: The authors hope that these experiences can inform others embarking upon similar journeys with the milestones.

Keywords: Interpersonal and Communication Skills; Medical Knowledge; Patient Care; Practice-Based Learning and Improvement; Professionalism; Systems-Based Practice; competency; education; evaluation; milestones; surgery residency.

MeSH terms

  • Accreditation
  • Clinical Competence
  • Competency-Based Education*
  • Education, Medical, Graduate*
  • Educational Measurement / methods*
  • General Surgery / education*
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • United States