Protein kinase C-α interaction with F0F1-ATPase promotes F0F1-ATPase activity and reduces energy deficits in injured renal cells

J Biol Chem. 2015 Mar 13;290(11):7054-66. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M114.588244. Epub 2015 Jan 27.


We showed previously that active PKC-α maintains F0F1-ATPase activity, whereas inactive PKC-α mutant (dnPKC-α) blocks recovery of F0F1-ATPase activity after injury in renal proximal tubules (RPTC). This study tested whether mitochondrial PKC-α interacts with and phosphorylates F0F1-ATPase. Wild-type PKC-α (wtPKC-α) and dnPKC-α were overexpressed in RPTC to increase their mitochondrial levels, and RPTC were exposed to oxidant or hypoxia. Mitochondrial levels of the γ-subunit, but not the α- and β-subunits, were decreased by injury, an event associated with 54% inhibition of F0F1-ATPase activity. Overexpressing wtPKC-α blocked decreases in γ-subunit levels, maintained F0F1-ATPase activity, and improved ATP levels after injury. Deletion of PKC-α decreased levels of α-, β-, and γ-subunits, decreased F0F1-ATPase activity, and hindered the recovery of ATP content after RPTC injury. Mitochondrial PKC-α co-immunoprecipitated with α-, β-, and γ-subunits of F0F1-ATPase. The association of PKC-α with these subunits decreased in injured RPTC overexpressing dnPKC-α. Immunocapture of F0F1-ATPase and immunoblotting with phospho(Ser) PKC substrate antibody identified phosphorylation of serine in the PKC consensus site on the α- or β- and γ-subunits. Overexpressing wtPKC-α increased phosphorylation and protein levels, whereas deletion of PKC-α decreased protein levels of α-, β-, and γ-subunits of F0F1-ATPase in RPTC. Phosphoproteomics revealed phosphorylation of Ser(146) on the γ subunit in response to wtPKC-α overexpression. We concluded that active PKC-α 1) prevents injury-induced decreases in levels of γ subunit of F0F1-ATPase, 2) interacts with α-, β-, and γ-subunits leading to increases in their phosphorylation, and 3) promotes the recovery of F0F1-ATPase activity and ATP content after injury in RPTC.

Keywords: ATP Synthase; Energy Deficits; Hypoxia; Injury; Mitochondria; Oxidant; Phosphoproteomics; Protein Kinase C (PKC); Protein Kinase C-α; Renal Proximal Tubular Cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Female
  • Gene Deletion
  • Kidney / cytology*
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Kidney / pathology*
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / cytology
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / metabolism
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Mitochondria / pathology
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Interaction Maps*
  • Protein Kinase C-alpha / genetics
  • Protein Kinase C-alpha / metabolism*
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases / metabolism*
  • Rabbits
  • Up-Regulation


  • Protein Subunits
  • Protein Kinase C-alpha
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases