Risk and Complication Management in Esophageal Cancer Surgery: A Review of the Literature

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Oct;64(7):596-605. doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1399763. Epub 2015 Jan 28.


Esophagectomy for cancer is a highly complex and demanding two-cavity procedure associated with a considerable morbidity and mortality. There are several controversies with regard to the optimal risk and complication management. Strategies include patient selection, optimization of malnutrition, hospital and surgeon volume, intraoperative anesthesiological and surgical measures, and postoperative management of complications. In this article, we review the literature on these aspects that have an impact on outcomes after esophagectomy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Esophageal Neoplasms / mortality
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Esophagectomy / adverse effects*
  • Esophagectomy / mortality
  • Humans
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnostic imaging
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • Postoperative Complications / therapy*
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome