Temporal and spatial regulation of translation in the mammalian oocyte via the mTOR-eIF4F pathway

Nat Commun. 2015 Jan 28;6:6078. doi: 10.1038/ncomms7078.

Abstract

The fully grown mammalian oocyte is transcriptionally quiescent and utilizes only transcripts synthesized and stored during early development. However, we find that an abundant RNA population is retained in the oocyte nucleus and contains specific mRNAs important for meiotic progression. Here we show that during the first meiotic division, shortly after nuclear envelope breakdown, translational hotspots develop in the chromosomal area and in a region that was previously surrounded the nucleus. These distinct translational hotspots are separated by endoplasmic reticulum and Lamin, and disappear following polar body extrusion. Chromosomal translational hotspots are controlled by the activity of the mTOR-eIF4F pathway. Here we reveal a mechanism that-following the resumption of meiosis-controls the temporal and spatial translation of a specific set of transcripts required for normal spindle assembly, chromosome alignment and segregation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosomes, Mammalian / metabolism
  • Down-Regulation
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4F / metabolism*
  • Fertilization
  • Genomic Instability
  • Humans
  • Mammals / metabolism*
  • Meiosis
  • Mice
  • Nuclear Envelope / metabolism
  • Oocytes / metabolism*
  • Protein Biosynthesis*
  • RNA Caps / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4F
  • RNA Caps
  • RNA, Messenger
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases