Biocompatibility and cutaneous reactivity of cellulosic polysaccharide film in induced skin wounds in rats

J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2015 Feb;26(2):82. doi: 10.1007/s10856-015-5410-x. Epub 2015 Jan 30.


The development of a skin substitute suitable for immediately performing the function of the lost dermis and epidermis could result in a positive impact on the treatment of patients with extensive skin lesions. A biopolymer film was applied to skin wounds to investigate the biocompatibility and cutaneous reaction and to test its activity as a mechanical barrier and conductor in the healing process. Forty Wistar rats of both sexes were used in the present study. Two excisions were performed in the dorsal part of the skin flaps. The polysaccharide film was applied over one of the incisions and other incision was washed with saline. The time spent for complete healing of both lesions was virtually the same in both groups, during 21 days of observation. The film remained attached to the bed of the exposed wound for an average period of 6 days. There were no statistically significant differences with regard to lesion measurement area at assessment times of 2nd, 7th and 14th postoperative days. At day 21, the scar area showed a significant difference (0.0229). After 40 days, all wounds were completely healed. No statistically significant differences were found between the histological parameters assessed in the experimental and control groups. The cellulosic polysaccharide film integrated well with the tissue showing high biocompatibility and low skin reactivity.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry*
  • Cellulose*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Materials Testing
  • Polysaccharides*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Skin / injuries*
  • Skin / pathology
  • Skin, Artificial*
  • Wound Healing


  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Polysaccharides
  • Cellulose