Efficacy of the virtual reality-based stress management program on stress-related variables in people with mood disorders: the feasibility study

Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2015 Feb;29(1):6-13. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2014.09.003. Epub 2014 Sep 10.


This study aimed to investigate the effect of a VR-based stress management program on people with mood disorders. A quasi-experimental study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in Singapore, and a convenience sample of 22 was recruited. The program comprised three daily 1-hour sessions incorporating psychoeducation and VR-based relaxation practice. Participants who completed the program had significantly lowered subjective stress (t=6.91, p<0.001), depression (t=5.62, p<0.001), and anxiety (t=5.54, p<0.001); and increased skin temperature (F=17.71, p<0.001), perceived relaxation (F=26.20, p<0.001) and knowledge (F=13.77, p<0.001). Participants' feedback on the program was positive. Findings from this study contribute to improving clinical practice and serve as preliminary data to conduct more rigorous research in the future.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Anxiety / therapy
  • Depression / psychology
  • Depression / therapy
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mood Disorders / psychology
  • Mood Disorders / therapy*
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Relaxation Therapy / methods
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Stress, Psychological / therapy*
  • Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy / methods*
  • Young Adult