Peripartum cardiomyopathy: current management and future perspectives

Eur Heart J. 2015 May 7;36(18):1090-7. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehv009. Epub 2015 Jan 29.


Pregnancy is associated with marked physiological changes challenging the cardiovascular system. Among the more severe pregnancy associated cardiovascular complications, peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a potentially life-threatening heart disease emerging towards the end of pregnancy or in the first postpartal months in previously healthy women. A major challenge is to distinguish the peripartum discomforts in healthy women (fatigue, shortness of breath, and oedema) from the pathological symptoms of PPCM. Moreover, pregnancy-related pathologies such as preeclampsia, myocarditis, or underlying genetic disease show overlapping symptoms with PPCM. Difficulties in diagnosis and the discrimination from other pathological conditions in pregnancy may explain why PPCM is still underestimated. Additionally, underlying pathophysiologies are poorly understood, biomarkers are scarce and treatment options in general limited. Experience in long-term prognosis and management including subsequent pregnancies is just beginning to emerge. This review focuses on novel aspects of physiological and pathophysiological changes of the maternal cardiovascular system by comparing normal conditions, hypertensive complications, genetic aspects, and infectious disease in PPCM-pregnancies. It also presents clinical and basic science data on the current state of knowledge on PPCM and brings them in context thereby highlighting promising new insights in diagnostic tools and therapeutic approaches and management.

Keywords: Heart failure; Peripartum cardiomyopathy; Pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Biopsy / methods
  • Cardiomyopathies / diagnosis
  • Cardiomyopathies / etiology
  • Cardiomyopathies / therapy*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure / etiology
  • Heart Failure / therapy
  • Hemodynamics / physiology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Preconception Care / methods
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / diagnosis
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / physiopathology
  • Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular / therapy*
  • Prenatal Diagnosis / methods
  • Risk Assessment / methods


  • Biomarkers