Bacterial pathogens have evolved a wide range of strategies to colonize and invade human organs, despite the presence of multiple host defense mechanisms. In this review, we will describe how pathogenic bacteria can adhere and multiply at the surface of host cells, how some bacteria can enter and proliferate inside these cells, and finally how pathogens may cross epithelial or endothelial host barriers and get access to internal tissues, leading to severe diseases in humans.
Keywords: Bacterial adhesion; Bacterial invasion; Host barrier; Host–pathogen interactions; Listeria; Microbiota.
Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.. All rights reserved.