Self-organization of polarized cerebellar tissue in 3D culture of human pluripotent stem cells

Cell Rep. 2015 Feb 3;10(4):537-50. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2014.12.051. Epub 2015 Jan 29.


During cerebellar development, the main portion of the cerebellar plate neuroepithelium gives birth to Purkinje cells and interneurons, whereas the rhombic lip, the germinal zone at its dorsal edge, generates granule cells and cerebellar nuclei neurons. However, it remains elusive how these components cooperate to form the intricate cerebellar structure. Here, we found that a polarized cerebellar structure self-organizes in 3D human embryonic stem cell (ESC) culture. The self-organized neuroepithelium differentiates into electrophysiologically functional Purkinje cells. The addition of fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) promotes spontaneous generation of dorsoventrally polarized neural-tube-like structures at the level of the cerebellum. Furthermore, addition of SDF1 and FGF19 promotes the generation of a continuous cerebellar plate neuroepithelium with rhombic-lip-like structure at one end and a three-layer cytoarchitecture similar to the embryonic cerebellum. Thus, human-ESC-derived cerebellar progenitors exhibit substantial self-organizing potential for generating a polarized structure reminiscent of the early human cerebellum at the first trimester.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Culture Techniques
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cerebellum / cytology*
  • Chemokine CXCL12 / metabolism
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Purkinje Cells / cytology


  • Chemokine CXCL12
  • FGF19 protein, human
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors

Associated data

  • GEO/GSE63015