Gait Speed, Quality of Life, and Sedentary Time are Associated with Steps per Day in Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Osteoporosis

J Aging Phys Act. 2016 Jan;24(1):22-31. doi: 10.1123/japa.2014-0116. Epub 2015 Feb 2.


Aim: To describe objectively-measured physical activity levels and patterns among community-dwelling older adults with osteoporosis, impaired balance, and fear of falling, and to explore the associations with gait, balance performance, falls self-efficacy, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

Methods: Ninety-four individuals (75.6 ± 5.4 years) were included. Physical activity was assessed with pedometers and accelerometers. Mean steps/day, dichotomized into < 5,000 or ≥ 5,000 steps/day, and time spent in different physical activity intensities were analyzed. Gait was assessed with a GAITRite walkway, balance performance was assessed with the modified figure-eight test and one-leg stance, falls self-efficacy was assessed with the Falls Efficacy Scale International, and HRQoL was assessed with Short Form-36.

Results: Mean steps/day were 6,201 (991-17,156) and 40% reported < 5,000 steps/day. Participants with < 5,000 steps/day spent more time sedentary, had slower gait speed, poorer balance performance, and lower HRQoL than participants with ≥ 5,000 steps/day. No participants with < 5,000 met the recommended level of physical activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accelerometry
  • Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Fear
  • Female
  • Gait / physiology*
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Osteoporosis / physiopathology*
  • Postural Balance / physiology
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sedentary Behavior*
  • Self Efficacy
  • Sweden