The impact of sleep on neuropsychological performance in cognitively intact older adults using a novel in-home sensor-based sleep assessment approach

Clin Neuropsychol. 2015;29(1):53-66. doi: 10.1080/13854046.2015.1005139. Epub 2015 Feb 2.


The relationship between recent episodes of poor sleep and cognitive testing performance in healthy cognitively intact older adults is not well understood. In this exploratory study we examined the impact of recent sleep disturbance, sleep duration, and sleep variability on cognitive performance in 63 cognitively intact older adults using a novel unobtrusive in-home sensor-based sleep assessment methodology. Specifically, we examined the impact of sleep the night prior, the week prior, and the month prior to a neuropsychological evaluation on cognitive performance. Results showed that mildly disturbed sleep the week prior and month prior to cognitive testing was associated with reduced working memory on cognitive evaluation. One night of mild sleep disturbance was not associated with decreased cognitive performance the next day. Sleep duration was unrelated to cognition. In-home, unobtrusive, sensor monitoring technologies provide a novel method for objective, long-term, and continuous assessment of sleep behavior and other everyday activities that might contribute to decreased or variable cognitive performance in healthy older adults.

Keywords: Cognition; Healthy aging; In-home monitoring; Sleep; Smart environment technology..

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neuropsychological Tests*
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / complications
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Telemetry / methods
  • Video Recording / instrumentation*