Effect of endometrial ablation on premenstrual symptoms

J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2015 May-Jun;22(4):631-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2015.01.023. Epub 2015 Jan 30.

Abstract

Study objective: To evaluate the effect of endometrial ablation on 6 premenstrual symptoms for up to 1 year after treatment.

Design: Prospective cohort of 59 women awaiting endometrial ablation (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

Setting: University tertiary care hospital.

Patients: Adult women of childbearing age awaiting endometrial ablation for heavy menstrual bleeding were recruited through the gynecology clinic of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke. Fifty-nine patients were recruited, of whom 9 were excluded. Women were eligible to participate after an initial self-evaluation of ≥ 3 out of 10 for at least 1 premenstrual symptom.

Interventions: Women underwent endometrial ablation using the microwave, impedance-controlled, or rollerball technique.

Measurements and main results: Women had to fill out 2 surveys at 3 time points: before surgery, 4 months after surgery, and 12 months after surgery. The first survey consisted of visual analog scales for self-evaluation of 6 premenstrual symptoms (i.e., irritability, agitation/anxiety, depression/sadness, headache, swelling/bloating, and breast tenderness), and the second evaluated the heaviness of menstrual bleeding. The severity of all 6 symptoms decreased significantly (p < .025) up to 1 year after endometrial ablation. The greatest improvement was seen in swelling/bloating, with mean decreases of 4.1 on a scale of 10 at the 4-month follow-up and 3.1 at the 12-month follow-up. Women who reported the most severe symptoms before surgery appeared to have greater improvement compared with women with milder symptoms. Significant improvements were nevertheless observed in the mild severity subgroup for 4 of the 6 symptoms studied (i.e., irritability, depression, swelling/bloating, and breast tenderness).

Conclusion: Women reported significant improvement for the 6 premenstrual symptoms for up to 1 year following an endometrial ablation for heavy menstrual bleeding. The improvement of these symptoms appears to be linked to the efficacy of the procedure.

Keywords: Endometrial ablation; Heavy menstrual bleeding; Premenstrual symptoms.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Endometrial Ablation Techniques*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Menorrhagia / surgery*
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome