Prevalence of Hypertension and Associated Risk Factors in Western Alaska Native People: The Western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health (WATCH) Study

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2015 Oct;17(10):812-8. doi: 10.1111/jch.12483. Epub 2015 Feb 3.

Abstract

Hypertension is a common chronic disease and a key risk factor in the development of cardiovascular disease. The Western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health study consolidates baseline data from four major cohorts residing in the Norton Sound and Yukon-Kuskokwim regions of western Alaska. This consolidated cohort affords an opportunity for a systematic analysis of high blood pressure and its correlates in a unique population with high stroke rates over a wide age range. While the prevalence of hypertension among western Alaska Native people (30%, age-standardized) is slightly less than that of the US general population (33%), cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality in this rural population. The authors found that improvement is needed in hypertension awareness as about two thirds (64%) of patients reported awareness and only 39% with hypertension were controlled on medication. Future analyses assessing risk and protective factors for incident hypertension in this population are indicated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alaska / epidemiology
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory / methods
  • Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory / statistics & numerical data
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / ethnology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Hypertension / ethnology*
  • Inuits / statistics & numerical data*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mortality / ethnology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Population / statistics & numerical data