Purpose: Ion channels are expressed both in the heart and in the brain, being advocated as responsible for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy but few pathogenic mutations have been identified. We aim to identify a novel gen associated with channelopathies and epilepsy in a family.
Methods: We assessed a family showing epilepsy concomitant with LQTS. Index case showed prolonged QT interval. His father suffers of LQT and epilepsy. We performed a direct sequencing analysis of KCNQ1, KCNH2, KCNE1, KCNE2 and SCN5A genes.
Results: We identified a non-synonymous heterozygous missense pathogenic mutation (p.L273F) in exon 6 of the KCNQ1 gene. All clinically affected relatives carried the same mutation.
Conclusion: We report, for a first time, a KCNQ1 mutation in a family suffering of both phenotypes, suggesting that KCNQ1 genetic variations may confer susceptibility for recurrent seizure activity increasing the risk or lead to sudden death.
Keywords: Epilepsy; KCNQ1; Long QT syndrome.
Copyright © 2015 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.